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Sara Cushing Weigle


Second Language Writing


Sara Cushing Weigle is Professor of Applied Linguistics at Georgia State University. She received her Ph.D. in Applied Linguistics from UCLA She has published research in the areas of assessment, second language writing, and teacher education, and is the author of Assessing Writing (2002, Cambridge University Press).  She has been invited to speak and conduct workshops on second language writing assessment throughout the world, most recently in Egypt, the United Kingdom, South Korea, and Austria.  Her current research focuses on assessing integrated skills and the use of automated scoring for second language writing.

Courses frequently taught:

AL 8700 Research Design and Statistics for Applied Linguistics
AL 8240 General Linguistics
AL 8550 Second Language Evaluation
AL 8530 Issues in Second Language Writing


Friginal, E., & Weigle, S. (in press). Exploring multiple profiles of L2 writing using multi-dimensional analysis. Journal of Second Language Writing.

Friginal, E., Li, M. & Weigle, S.C. (2014).  Revisiting multiple profiles of learner compositions: A comparison of highly rated NS and NNS essays.  Journal of Second Language Writing, 23, 1-14.

Weigle, S.C. (2014).  Considerations for teaching an ESL/EFL writing course.  In M. Celce-Murcia, D. Brinton, & M.A. Snow (Eds.), Teaching English as a second or foreign language  (4th Edition).  Boston: Heinle Cengage.  (In print 2013).

Weigle, S.C. Wang, Y., & Montee, M. (2013).  Exploring reading processes in an academic reading test using short answer questions.  Language Assessment Quarterly 10, 1, 28-48.

Weigle, S.C.  (2013). English language learners and automated scoring of essays: Critical considerations.  Assessing Writing, 18, 1, 85-99.

Weigle, S.C. (2013).  Assessing literacy.  In A. Kunnan (Ed.), The companion to language assessment. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Volume I, Part 2, Chapter 4.

Weigle, S.C.  (2013).  Chapter 2:  ESL writing and automated essay evaluation.  In Shermis, M. &  Burstein, J. (Eds.)  Handbook on automated essay evaluation:  Current applications and new directions, pp. 36-54.

Weigle, S.C. & Montee, M. (2012). Raters’ perceptions of textual borrowing in integrated writing tasks.  In M. Tillema, E. Van Steendam, G. Rijlaarsdam & H. van den Bergh (Eds.) Measuring writing: Recent insights into theory, methodology and practices, pp. 117-151.  Bingley, UK:  Emerald Books.

Weigle, S.C. (2012).  Assessing writing.  In C. Coombe, B. O’Sullivan, P. Davidson, and S. Stoynoff (Eds.), The Cambridge Guide to Language Assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Weigle, S.C. & Parker, K. (2012).  Source text writing in an integrated reading/writing assessment.  Journal of Second Language Writing, 21, 2, 118-133.